The pandemic changed the housing market in Virginia Beach. A study will show leaders exactly how.
This story is part of a series about housing affordability in Hampton Roads produced in partnership with the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting.
Virginia Beach will spend $100,000 on an updated housing study to learn about market conditions, home prices, and housing availability.
“So many things have changed in light of the pandemic,” said Ruth Hill, Virginia Beach’s Director of Housing and Neighborhood Preservation. “Particularly the shift in rents in our city.”
City housing officials said COVID changed the local housing landscape. The new study will focus on an affordable housing strategy.
“One of the things I really wanted to work on was reinvigorating the strategy for affordable housing in our city, because it so needs it,” Hill said.
A WHRO analysis found 34% of Hampton Roads residents spend more than 30% of their income on housing costs, which makes them cost-burdened, according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
That's a higher proportion than any other metro area in Virginia and above the national average.
Virginia Beach last published a housing study in 2016. That study found cost burdens had increased – and affordability decreased – in the previous 11 years.
In most of the top industries in the city, average wages weren’t enough to cover the median rent of $1,200. A recent WHRO analysis found median rents in the region are now closer to $1,400.
That study also found Virginia Beach, since its incorporation from Princess Anne County in 1952, grew in “an almost unilaterally suburban fashion.” The study warned a city made up almost completely of suburbs wouldn't always be appealing to consumers -- especially as millennials become those consumers.
Similarly, the housing stock was aging significantly. At that time, most housing in the city was built prior to 1990, and only 3,600 dwellings had been built between 2010 and 2016.
Between 2000 and 2014, there was a 27% decline in affordable rentals.
The 2016 study proposed solutions, like investing in housing near public transit lines. Researchers also suggested transitioning from the creation of single-family homes to multi-family homes, like townhouses or apartments.
None of those recommendations were undertaken.